OHSAS 18001:2007
 

SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

Solid Waste is the unwanted solid materials generated from combined residential, industrial and commercial activities in a given area. It may be categorized according to its origin (domestic, industrial, commercial construction or institutional), according to its contents (organic material, glass, metal, plastic, paper etc.), or according to hazard potential (toxic, non- toxic, flammable, radioactive, infectious etc.).

Management of solid waste reduces or eliminates adverse impacts on the environment and human health and supports economic development and improved quality of life. A number of processes are involved in effectively managing the waste. These include monitoring, collection, transport, processing, recycling and disposal. Methods of waste reduction, waste reuse and recycling are the preferred option when managing waste. There are many environmental benefits that can be derived from the use of these methods. They reduce green house gas emissions, reduce the release of pollutants, conserve resources, save energy and reduce the demand for waste treatment technology and landfill space. Therefore it is advisable that these methods be adopted and incorporated as part of the Waste Management Plan.